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The History of Table Tennis (or Ping-Pong) has humble beginnings as a parlor game. It is the most extensively growing indoor game that is gaining popularity worldwide. The game has already 140 years and anyone who has access to a table, paddle, and ball can play it. In addition, bet on table tennis can be a very profitable option for our bettors.
Table tennis started as a genteel, after-dinner game, but is now a fast, high-tech sport. It also has the most participants of any sport in the world, becoming one of the most played sports in the world.
It was in England at the end of the 19th century when table tennis appeared. Although, it is believed that it was actually the upper-class Victorians in England who invented this game in the 1880s as an elegant, after-dinner alternative to grass tennis.
The name “Ping-Pong” was invented by the English company J. Jaques and Son,at the end of the 19th century. Later the name was registered in the United States by Parker Brothers, the board game company. Ping-Pong is a registered trademark of Ping-Pong and associated equipment.
The game quickly became very popular, and in 1901 were held tournaments with more than 300 participants and it was formed the Ping-Pong Association. Later in 1922, it was renamed The Table Tennis Association.
In 1902 the game was introduced in Japan, and shortly after in Austria and Hungary, and these were the seeds sown for a sport that now enjoys popularity all over the world.
Later in 1927 was created the English Table Tennis Association and that same year took place the first world championships.
In the 1950s the equipment evolved making the sport progress enormously since it was first invented.
The Basic Rules of Table Tennis
The aim of the game is simple: hit the ball over the net, onto the opponent’s side. One point is won when the opponent is unable to return the ball to the other side of the table. This can happen when the opponent misses the ball, hits the ball but it misses your side of the table, the ball hits the net, or if hits the ball before it bounces on their side of the table.
This game can be played in singles and also in doubles modes.
The winner of a game is the first to score 11 points. But there must be a difference of at least two points between the opponents at the end of the game. If the score is 10-10, the game is extended until one of the players wins with a 2 point advantage.
The players have two serves before it is their opponent’s turn to serve twice.
A match may consist of as many games as the players agree in advance. However, in international competitions the game takes place in seven sets (of 11 points each) in singles mode, and five sets in doubles.
The Equipment in Table Tennis
The ping pong table should have a rectangular surface, with 152.5 cm in width, and 274 cm in length. It must be supported to ensure that the playing surface lies in a horizontal plane of about 76 cm above the floor. The playing surface has to be matt and dark-colored, with a white line of about 2 cm wide along the edges.
The net must have a full length of 15.25 cm, directly above the surface designed for playing.
The ball must have a spherical shape with a diameter of about 40 mm and a weight of 2.7 gm. The material of the ball shall be made of similar plastic material or celluloid and shall be orange or white, and matte.
The racket can have any shape, size, or even weight, but the blade has to be rigid and flat.
Players now use specially developed rubber coated wooden and carbon fibre rackets and a lightweight hollow celluloid ball. All this, together with the high-tech rackets, makes it possible to hit the ball and reach more than 150 kilometres per hour.
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Table Tennis Today
At present, the sport is very well established, both in England and abroad, and is growing every year. It was recognised as an Olympic sport, first appearing at the 1988 Olympic Games in Seoul. The men’s final attracted an incredible worldwide audience of 2 billion people.
There are currently an estimated 40 million competitive table tennis players in the world, and countless millions more who play recreationally. This makes it the sport with the most participants worldwide. Its enormous popularity in China is what has made table tennis so popular and played, as this is the country with the greatest dominance of the sport.
The Best Players
Until the first half of the 20th century, Central European countries such as Hungary and Czechoslovakia were the most successful concerning the international competitions.
But from the second half of the 20th century to the present day, Asian countries such as Japan and, in particular China, have dominated the sport.
Major Tournaments Worldwide
Table Tennis association is spread over more than 226 countries and its ever-increasing opportunities are opening doors for the table tennis enthusiasts.
These are the most important Table Tennis Tournaments:
✰ World Table Tennis Championship
✩ Table Tennis World Cup
✰ Olympic Games
✩ Asian Table Tennis Championships
✰ Asian Games
✩ Commonwealth Games
✰ IITF world tour
✩ Paramerican Table Tennis Championship
✰ NCAA Table Tennis Championship